Global Compact for Migration (Marrakech, 10-11 December 2018) [fr]
The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration was adopted today by 162 nations at the Marrakech Conference, at which France was represented by Minister of State Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne.
France supported the adoption of this compact because migration is now a global phenomenon that must be controlled through more effective international cooperation between countries of origin, transit and destination. With this aim in mind, the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration outlines a collection of best practices on which nations may draw inspiration for migratory policies that also respect their national laws. This non-binding compact is a statement that establishes absolutely no legal obligations. Nor does it establish new rights for migrants, but underscores their fundamental rights as defined by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
In accordance with France’s position, the Pact reaffirms the specific nature of refugee status and makes a clear distinction between legal and illegal migrants. It also establishes national sovereignty as a guiding principle, allowing states to control their own borders, while upholding their international commitments. As such, the pact urges all states to combat irregular immigration by dismantling illegal migration channels and encouraging countries of origin to ensure effective control of their borders and to facilitate the return and reintegration of irregular migrants. It also urges states to preserve legal migration channels and to encourage the integration of those who use them in the host societies. Lastly, it underscores the need to address the underlying causes of migration by investing more in the development of the countries of origin, by encouraging good governance, and by taking into consideration the emergence of new causes of migration, such as climate change.
France, which is committed to its core values, attached to respect for the law, and is mindful of the need for effectiveness, will continue to work toward greater international cooperation on migration.